The Bible teaches that God chose the Jewish people to serve as witnesses of His glory (Isaiah 41:10-12). He also chose them to serve as a channel of His blessings to the world (Genesis 12:1-3). Through this Firstborn of His, Yahweh revealed Himself and His Law. And through the Jewish prophets, He pointed Mankind to the coming Messiah (1 Peter 1:10-12).

No understanding of the Abrahamic Covenant is complete without knowing the history and prophecies relating to the two families of Israel: The Israelites or Twelve Tribes of Israel were guaranteed, through a Promise, to become a Nation of Greatness. After the split of the Israel Kingdom at the time of King Solomon's rule in the 10th century B.C.E., the Scriptures generally differentiate between "Judah" and "Israel", as between "the House of Judah" (the Southern Kingdom of, the Jews from their Capitol in Jerusalem) and " the House of Israel" (the Northern 10-Tribed Kingdom) The latter is also commonly referred to as "the House of Ephraim" or "the House of Joseph". The "House of Jacob" refers to all the Tribes of Israel. The "House of Israel", in some instances, when it appears not paired with a reference to Judah, could also refer to all Twelve Tribes. The context should confirm which is meant. It is important though to bear these terms in mind when reading the Bible references to Israel, Judah, Ephraim, Joseph, etc.

The Israelites or Twelve Tribes of Israel were guaranteed, through a Promise, to become a Nation of Greatness. After the split of the Israel Kingdom at the time of King Solomon's rule in the 10th century B.C.E., the Scriptures generally differentiate between "Judah" and "Israel", as between "the House of Judah" (the Southern Kingdom of, the Jews from their Capital in Jerusalem) and " the House of Israel" (the Northern 10-Tribes Kingdom) The latter is also commonly referred to as "the House of Ephraim" or "the House of Joseph". The "House of Jacob" refers to all the Tribes of Israel. The "House of Israel", in some instances, when it appears not paired with a reference to Judah, could also refer to all Twelve Tribes. The context should confirm which is meant. It is important though to bear these terms in mind when reading the Bible references to Israel, Judah, Ephraim, Joseph, etc.

"Israel" was another name for Jacob, the grandson of Abram/Abraham, and this name was given to him by Yahweh: it means "one who prevails with God" or "a prince with God". A nation and a company of nations shall be of you, and kings shall come out of your loins; and the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to you I will give it, and to your seed after you will I give the land” Also, Abraham's direct descendants via Israel were to be known as "the seed of Abraham," "the House of Isaac," "the House of Jacob", “Champion of God” or simply "Jacob." More indirectly, this lineage was alluded to by reference to the individual tribal names of: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Zebulun, Issachar, Dan, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Benjamin and Joseph. Israel adopted as his own sons Ephraim and Manasseh, his grandsons through His Son Joseph. Consequently, the Nation of Israel has historically been said to consist of either 12 or 13 Tribes, depending on whether the descendants of Joseph are counted as one tribe (Joseph) or as two (Ephraim and Manasseh).

Yahweh loved Abraham because Abraham utterly believed Yahweh, and had complete confidence in Yahweh's Word, even when Abraham was instructed by Yahweh to sacrifice his own Son. Abraham had learned to trust Yahweh unconditionally since he was fully aware of His Wisdom, Truth and faithfulness. And when he proceeded to do as he was commanded, at the precise moment he would have slain His Son, he was miraculously stopped.

His supreme test of faith transformed his Covenant with Yahweh, for, at this point, Yahweh's dual promises to Abraham, the physical and the Spiritual, became unconditional. Thus, the Abrahamic Covenant had a dual nature, that not only physical, material and national aspects were involved but also a Spiritual aspect. Abraham was to become the father of a great multitude and the father of those who believe, first in Yahweh, then in Yeshua. However, after Israel, the Abrahamic Covenant is split between two descendants of Abraham: one, Joseph, received the Material Promises; and another, Judah, received the Messianic Promises. Yahweh, chose Abraham to be not only the father of several mighty nations but also

"the father of all them that believe" (Rom. 4:11).

Thus, the account of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his only son, Isaac, became a foreshadowing of the New Covenant in Yeshua through Yahweh’s willingness to offer His only Son, as a sacrifice to bring about the salvation of us all (John 3:16-17)

Consider these points about Abraham and Isaac, and how they parallel Yahweh and Yeshua. This is massively understated in theological teachings of the Christian Church today. Christ was born miraculously of a virgin, and Isaac was born to Sarah at an extreme age and also as a miracle. I did not learn this very obvious connection in over 20 years of attending a Christian Church.

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YAHWEH'S FIRSTBORN SONS
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